16 June 1903, Henry Ford (A Machinist and Engineer) forms the Ford Motor Company to manufacture Automobiles.
17 December 1903, Orville and Wilbur Wright made the first successful man-powered airplane flight at Kitty Hawk, North Carolina.
December 1903, The world’s first nickelodeon opened showing a silent film called The Great Train Robbery the name was used as it cost 5 cents or a nickel to watch the movie or live vaudeville acts.
02 January 1905, Japanese troops capture Port Arthur from Russia, a blow to national morale and causing further discontent within Russia.
22 January 1905, The massacre of peaceful demonstrators in the square before the Winter Palace, St. Petersburg, on Bloody Sunday helps trigger the abortive Revolution of 1905.
08 February 1905, Cyclone hits Tahiti & adjacent islands, killing some 10,000 people.
11 February 1905, Pope Pius X publishes encyclical Vehementer nos.
03 March 1905, Tsar Nicholas II of Russia agrees to summon a ‘consultative assembly’ and concedes other points including an edict of religious toleration, relief for Jews, and the cancellation of certain debts.
04 March 1905, Theodore Roosevelt is sworn in for a full term as President of the United States.
13 March 1905, Mata Hari introduces her exotic dance act in Paris.
01 April 1905, “SOS” first adopted as a morse distress signal (· · · – – – · · ·) by German government.
04 April 1905, Earthquake in Kangra India, kills 20,000.
12 April 1905, French Dufaux brothers test helicopter.
07 June 1905, Norway dissolves union with Sweden (in effect since 1814), and Norway achieves full independence.
08 June 1905, US President Theodore Roosevelt sends identical notes to Japan and Russia urging them to negotiate and end hostilities, offering his personal services.
29 June 1905, The Automobile Association is founded in the United Kingdom.
01 July 1905, Albert Einstein introduces his theory of special relativity.
05 August 1905, First meeting of the Russian and Japanese peace commissioners takes place in US President Theodore Roosevelt’s home at Oyster Bay, New York.
05 September 1905, Russo-Japanese War – Treaty of Portsmouth: In New Hampshire, a treaty mediated by U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt is signed by victor Japan and Russia. Russia cedes the island of Sakhalin and port and rail rights in Manchuria to Japan.
02 October 1905, HMS Dreadnought is laid down in the United Kingdom, revolutionizing battleship design and triggering a naval arms race.
05 October 1905, Orville and Wilbur Wright’s “Flyer III” flight 38.5 km in 38.3".
13 October 1905, A railroad strike, begun on October 7 (October 20), swiftly developed into a general strike in most of the large cities across Russia.
30 October 1905, October Manifesto: Tsar Nicholas II of Russia is forced to announce the granting of his country’s first constitution (the Russian Constitution of 1906), conceding a national assembly (State Duma) with limited powers.